Upright stems brilliant red flowers in late summer. A favorite source of nectar for hummingbirds. Grows well in standing water or average garden soil. Tolerates full sun to part shade. Short-lived perennial. Provides late summer bloom in the perennial border, wild garden, native plant garden or woodland garden. Excellent for attracting butterflies and hummingbirds. Very happy near ponds or streams.
Native Environment: Wetland, Stream Edge
Height: 2 to 4 feet
Spread: 1 to 2 feet
Bloom Time: July to September
USDA Hardiness Zone: 3 - 9
Sun Exposure: Full Sun to Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist/Wet
Soil Description: Moist to wet, humus-rich soil. Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Clay
Water Use: Low
Wildlife Benefit: Food/Birds, Butterfly/Moth Nectar
Nature Attracting: Butterflies, Birds,Hummingbirds
Special Usage: Rain Garden, Rainscaping
Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer, Wet Soil
Use Medicinal: Amerindians used root tea for stomach aches, syphilis, typhoid, worms. Leaf tea used for colds, croup, nosebleeds, fevers, headaches, rheumatism. Poisonous. Roots, finely ground, placed in food said to be an aphrodisiac.
Warning: POISONOUS PARTS: All parts. Toxic only if eaten in large quantities. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, salivation, exhaustion and weakness, dilation of pupils, convulsions, and coma. Toxic Principle: Alkaloids lobelamine, lobeline, and others, plus a volatile oil.